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The largest of the concentration camps, where Jews were sent, was near the Polish town of Auschwitz (in German - Auschwitz). Estimated that in this camp poisoned gas around 1.5 million Jews. As soon as the prisoners come into this hell, the first thing you will notice, was a giant slogan: "Arbayt maht Frau" ( "Work makes free"). It was a cynical attempt to convince arriving prisoners that the Nazis did not entertain any evil intentions towards them. In fact, the vast majority of Jews who have read this inscription, were killed in the first twenty-four hours. Almost immediately after the arrival of the Nazis stood in front of several doctors who quickly sent everyone to the right or left (the most heinous of these doctors murderers was Josef Mengele). The left were elderly, children and all who looked sick or oslabshim. In the following hours they covered in giant rooms without windows (known as gas chambers) and allowed there poison gas "Cyclone B". Within a few minutes all people in the room died from suffocation, although predsmertnaya prolong the agony of the fact that the Nazis used the savings from the minimal amount of gas that can kill. Estimated that the Nazis gas bypassing approximately 2 / 3 penny for every Jew killed. As Rabbi Irwin Greenberg, "in power under the Nazis Europe Jew has cost the lives of less than one penny". Those Jews who "was lucky" to get on the right, guided the Germans to work. Their conditions of detention were intolerable. Most vymatyval unbearable work, and oslabevshih immediately sent to gas chambers. Those concentration camp prisoners who managed to survive, as a rule, there came in the final stages of the war. Not all concentration camps were death camps like Auschwitz and Treblinka. Some of them were labor camps, although the treatment of prisoners and working conditions there were appalling. The direction of the prisoner in a labour camp was often tantamount to a sentence of death. TREBLINKA, the third network Reinhard camp, located about 50 miles from Warsaw, was founded during the June-July 1942 The first victims, July 23, were Jews from Warsaw and Radoma. The plan was similar camps in the camp Sobibore (see details in the construction pub / orgs / israeli / yad-vashem / yvs16.05). Originally built three gas chambers, 4 of 4 meters each. Ten were built between the end of August and beginning of October 1942 After the end of construction, twenty cars people can be skipped through gas per day - about 2400 people. Here's how the prisoner describes the beginning of the road to the camp: The first transport "deported" went from Malkinii morning on July 23, 1942… Mr. Burden - Jews from the Warsaw ghetto. … In the train was sixty-covered wagons, nabityh people. The doors were locked from the outside wagons, and ventilation openings closed with barbed wire… It was hot and most people in the wagons were poluobmorochno The killing began… During the early period, until mid-August, from five to seven thousand Jews to arrive in Treblinku daily. Then the situation changed, the number of transports increased, there are days when received from ten to twelve thousand, including thousands of deaths in road or polumertvyh from exhaustion. Such an overload disrupts quiet "welcome" procedure, which was to convince the deportees that they arrived at a transit station and before they are sent to a working camp must undergo disinfection. Impacts and shooting were needed to force poluzhivyh people descend from the wagons and to follow the barracks area and the locker-(Arad, Belzec). A. Goldfarb, who arrived in Treblinku 25 August: "When we arrived at Treblinka and the Germans opened the door wagons, the picture was terrible. Wagons were full of corpses. The bodies were partially izedeny hlonoy lime. More zadyhalis of smrada living in cars. The Germans ordered all to disembark; those who could have been polumertvye. Esesovtsy and Ukrainians, zhdavshie next, beat us and shoot us… " Oscar Berger, who arrived in Treblinku August 22, describes the scene of arrival: "Vygruzivshis of wagons, we saw nightmare spectacle: c relations phone lying around. Heaps of clothing, suitcases - all vperemezhku. Esesovtsy, Germans and Ukrainians, standing on the roofs of barracks, fired indiscriminately into the crowd. M Men who women, children fell okrovavlennye. The air was full of cries and rydaniyami. Gnali survivors through the open gates at the barbed wire fenced area, while they had to jump over dead. "
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